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Abstract Detail


Genome Evolution

Szabó, Zoltan [1], Gyulai, Gabor [1], Kovacs, Laszlo G. [2], Toth, Zoltan [1], Lagler, Richard [1], Bittsánszky, Andras [1], Kocsis, Laszlo [3].

Ancient DNA Analysis and Morphology of Grape Seeds from Antiquity and the Middle Ages Excavated in Hungary.

The Genus Vitis consists of about 60 inter-fertile species including about fifteen species of breeding importance. Of them, V. vinifera is the only species which is indigenous to Europe and the Middle East. It was introduced to the New World by European colonists starting from the 16th century. It was successfully established at a broad scale on the West Coats of North America by viticulturists like Ágoston Haraszty, who is considered the father California's grape and wine industry. In the study presented ancient grape seed remains were analyzed. Seeds were excavated at three different sites including a Roman Villa at Aquincum, Budapest, Hungary (2nd - 4th cent. AD), a vineyard site at Győr, Ece, Hungary (11-12th cent.), and the King’s Palace at the Castle of Buda, Budapest, Hungary (15th cent). Ancient seeds were compared to current grape varieties of similar seed size, shape, and anatomy. DNA samples were also extracted successfully and amplified GenomePlex Complete Whole Genome Amplification Kit (Sigma). Molecular and morphological data were clustered and phenotypic reconstructions were recorded. Acknowledgement: The project was supported by grants of US-Hungarian Fulbright Commission.


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1 - Szent Istvan University, Genetics and Plant Breeding
2 - Missouri State University, Agriculture, 9740 Red Spring Road, Mountain Grove, Missouri, 65711, USA
3 - Pannon University, The Georgikon Faculty

Keywords:
Grape
Ancient DNA
Roman era
Middle Ages
Hungary.

Presentation Type: Plant Biology Abstract
Session: P
Location: Exhibit Hall (Northeast, Southwest & Southeast)/Hilton
Date: Sunday, July 8th, 2007
Time: 8:00 AM
Number: P40020
Abstract ID:2119


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